Romualdo Moscioni. Apulia Monumentale

Italy’s cultural heritage

In the first decades after the founding of the Kingdom of Italy in 1861, there arose numerous institutions devoted not just to the conservation of Italian artworks and architectural monuments but, most especially at this early stage, to their systematic documentation. All over the country inventories were compiled as part of a stocktaking exercise intended to provide a basic overview of the condition of individual buildings. In 1878 the Ministero della Pubblica Istruzione, at that time Italy’s highest authority for cultural affairs, instructed the provincial governments to initiate photographic campaigns that were to document in particular the works of medieval architecture found within their region. In Apulia, with its many historical Norman and Staufer castles and churches, small-scale photo campaigns were soon under way, carried out by local photographers such as Pietro Barbieri in Salento and Nicola de Mattia in Bari. In the run-up to the fourth Esposizione nazionale, however, which was scheduled to open in November 1891 in Palermo, archaeologist Giacomo Boni and the Superintendent of the Palatine Basilicas (Reali Basiliche Palatine) Raffaele Lambarini pushed for a larger campaign. As part of the exhibition, it was evidently planned to devote a special section to the region, in which photographic reproductions of Apulia’s medieval buildings would deputize for the originals. Although this plan was ultimately dropped, the Ministero della Pubblica Istruzione invited tenders for 50 photographs in large, 30 × 40 cm format. Competing against the established photographic studios of Fratelli Alinari in Florence, Giovanni Battista Brusa in Venice and German photographer Giorgio Sommer in Naples, Rome-based Romualdo Moscioni won the commission.

R. Moscioni, Andria, Castel del Monte, 1891/92, albumen print, 27.2 × 38.9 cm, Neg. 5524, KHI Nr. 4255

R. Moscioni, San Corrado, Molfetta, 1891/92, albumen print 27.0 × 38.9 cm, Neg. 5544, KHI Nr. 4285

R. Moscioni, Gravina, Madonna della Grazia sanctuary, 1891/92, albumen print, 27.0 × 39.5 cm, Neg. 5535, KHI Nr. 4276

R. Moscioni, Benevento, cloister of Santa Sofia, 1891/92, albumen print, 20.2 × 25.3 cm, Neg. 6598, KHI Nr. 3348

R. Moscioni, Troia, Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta, 1891/92, albumen print, 38.8 × 27.1 cm, Neg. 5610, KHI Nr. 4334

R. Moscioni, Canosa, Cathedra in the Cathedral of San Sabino, 1891/92, albumen print, 38.9 × 25.9 cm, Neg. 5508, KHI Nr. 4249

R. Moscioni, Turi, San Rocco, 1891/92, albumen print, 37.8 × 26.7 cm, Neg. 5583, KHI Nr. 4342

R. Moscioni, column capitals from the cathedral San Sabino at the Museo Diocesano in Bari, 1891/92, albumen print, 38.5 × 26 cm, Neg. 5450, KHI Nr. 4199

R. Moscioni, Andria, Sant’Agostino, 1891/92, albumen print, 40.2 × 26.1 cm, Neg. 5412, KHI Nr. 4157

R. Moscioni, relief showing four rulers from the Staufer dynasty, pulpit, cathedral, Bitonto, 1891/92, albumen print, 39.4 × 25.7 cm, Neg. 5464, KHI Nr. 4240

R. Moscioni, Saint Nicholas with Mary and Christ (anonymous), San Nicola, Bari, 1891/92, albumen print, 39.1 × 25.8 cm, Neg. 5435, KHI Nr. 4183

R. Moscioni, reliquaries, San Nicola, Bari, 1891/92, albumen print, 26.8 × 38.6 cm, Neg. 5436, KHI Nr. 4186

© KHI in Florence | 22.09.2020 16:23:39